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isc-dhcp41-server fails to start

Robert Huff

        System:

FreeBSD 9.0-CURRENT #0: Mon Apr 18 11:59:37 EDT 2011 amd64

        I have this in /etc/rc.conf:

dhcpd_enable="YES" # dhcpd enabled?
dhcpd_flags="-q" # command option(s)
dhcpd_conf="/usr/local/etc/jerusalem.dhcpd.conf" # configuration file
dhcpd_ifaces="em1" # ethernet interface(s)
dhcpd_withumask="022" # file creation mask
dhcpd_chuser_enable="YES" # runs w/o privileges?
dhcpd_withuser="dhcpd" # user name to run as
dhcpd_withgroup="dhcpd" # group name to run as
dhcpd_chroot_enable="YES" # runs chrooted?
dhcpd_devfs_enable="YES" # use devfs if available?
dhcpd_rootdir="/var/db/dhcpd" # directory to run in
dhcpd_includedir="" # directory with config-files to include

        With isc-dhcp41 server successfully built and installed,
attempts to run it produce:

Starting dhcpd.
/usr/local/etc/rc.d/isc-dhcpd: WARNING: failed to start dhcpd

        I can't find a log file with more information.
        The dhcpd.conf is appended.
        Would some generous person let me know what I've bungled?


                                Robert Huff


# dhcpd.conf
#
# Edited configuration file for ISC dhcpd
#
#  Edit history:
# Created 2011-05-04 RH
#
#

# option definitions common to all supported networks...
#option domain-name "example.org";
#option domain-name-servers ns1.example.org, ns2.example.org;

default-lease-time 600;
max-lease-time 7200;

# Use this to enble / disable dynamic dns updates globally.
#ddns-update-style none;

# If this DHCP server is the official DHCP server for the local
# network, the authoritative directive should be uncommented.
authoritative;

# Use this to send dhcp log messages to a different log file (you also
# have to hack syslog.conf to complete the redirection).
log-facility local7;

# No service will be given on this subnet, but declaring it helps the
# DHCP server to understand the network topology.

subnet 10.152.187.0 netmask 255.255.255.0 {
}

# This is a very basic subnet declaration.

#subnet 10.254.239.0 netmask 255.255.255.224 {
#  range 10.254.239.10 10.254.239.20;
#  option routers rtr-239-0-1.example.org, rtr-239-0-2.example.org;
#}

subnet 10.0.0.0 netmask 255.255.255.0 {
  range 10.0.0.32 10.0.0.64;
  option subnet-mask 255.0.0.0
  option routers 10.0.0.1;
  option domain-name-servers 10.0.0.1;
  option domain-name "scallop.org":
  default-lease-time 84600;  
}

# This declaration allows BOOTP clients to get dynamic addresses,
# which we don't really recommend.

#subnet 10.254.239.32 netmask 255.255.255.224 {
#  range dynamic-bootp 10.254.239.40 10.254.239.60;
#  option broadcast-address 10.254.239.31;
#  option routers rtr-239-32-1.example.org;
#}

# A slightly different configuration for an internal subnet.
#subnet 10.5.5.0 netmask 255.255.255.224 {
#  range 10.5.5.26 10.5.5.30;
#  option domain-name-servers ns1.internal.example.org;
#  option domain-name "internal.example.org";
#  option routers 10.5.5.1;
#  option broadcast-address 10.5.5.31;
#  default-lease-time 600;
#  max-lease-time 7200;
#}

# Hosts which require special configuration options can be listed in
# host statements.   If no address is specified, the address will be
# allocated dynamically (if possible), but the host-specific information
# will still come from the host declaration.

host passacaglia {
  hardware ethernet 0:0:c0:5d:bd:95;
  filename "vmunix.passacaglia";
  server-name "toccata.fugue.com";
}

# Fixed IP addresses can also be specified for hosts.   These addresses
# should not also be listed as being available for dynamic assignment.
# Hosts for which fixed IP addresses have been specified can boot using
# BOOTP or DHCP.   Hosts for which no fixed address is specified can only
# be booted with DHCP, unless there is an address range on the subnet
# to which a BOOTP client is connected which has the dynamic-bootp flag
# set.
host fantasia {
  hardware ethernet 08:00:07:26:c0:a5;
  fixed-address fantasia.fugue.com;
}

# You can declare a class of clients and then do address allocation
# based on that.   The example below shows a case where all clients
# in a certain class get addresses on the 10.17.224/24 subnet, and all
# other clients get addresses on the 10.0.29/24 subnet.

class "foo" {
  match if substring (option vendor-class-identifier, 0, 4) = "SUNW";
}

shared-network 224-29 {
  subnet 10.17.224.0 netmask 255.255.255.0 {
    option routers rtr-224.example.org;
  }
  subnet 10.0.29.0 netmask 255.255.255.0 {
    option routers rtr-29.example.org;
  }
  pool {
    allow members of "foo";
    range 10.17.224.10 10.17.224.250;
  }
  pool {
    deny members of "foo";
    range 10.0.29.10 10.0.29.230;
  }
}
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Re: isc-dhcp41-server fails to start

glarkin
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Hash: SHA1

On 5/4/11 1:20 PM, Robert Huff wrote:

>
> System:
>
> FreeBSD 9.0-CURRENT #0: Mon Apr 18 11:59:37 EDT 2011 amd64
>
> I have this in /etc/rc.conf:
>
> dhcpd_enable="YES" # dhcpd enabled?
> dhcpd_flags="-q" # command option(s)
> dhcpd_conf="/usr/local/etc/jerusalem.dhcpd.conf" # configuration file
> dhcpd_ifaces="em1" # ethernet interface(s)
> dhcpd_withumask="022" # file creation mask
> dhcpd_chuser_enable="YES" # runs w/o privileges?
> dhcpd_withuser="dhcpd" # user name to run as
> dhcpd_withgroup="dhcpd" # group name to run as
> dhcpd_chroot_enable="YES" # runs chrooted?
> dhcpd_devfs_enable="YES" # use devfs if available?
> dhcpd_rootdir="/var/db/dhcpd" # directory to run in
> dhcpd_includedir="" # directory with config-files to include
>
> With isc-dhcp41 server successfully built and installed,
> attempts to run it produce:
>
> Starting dhcpd.
> /usr/local/etc/rc.d/isc-dhcpd: WARNING: failed to start dhcpd
>
> I can't find a log file with more information.
> The dhcpd.conf is appended.
> Would some generous person let me know what I've bungled?
>
>
> Robert Huff
>

Hi Robert,

I usually do a few different things in this situation:

1) Run the rc.d script with "sh -x" to show the commands as they are
executed.  You may discover a problem with your rc.conf variables or
with the startup script by doing that.

2) The output from running the script that way should show you the
actual command used to invoke the daemon.  Try starting the daemon by
hand at the command prompt, perhaps with some other arguments to enable
debugging, stay in the foreground or force logging.

3) If that still fails, I will try #2 again and invoke the daemon under
truss or strace (make sure to use the -f or -ff and -o options) to see
if there are missing files, wrong permissions in the filesystem or other
system-level problems.

If you want, post the output from any of those techniques and we'll see
if it helps troubleshoot the problem further.

Hope that helps,
Greg

- --
Greg Larkin

http://www.FreeBSD.org/           - The Power To Serve
http://www.sourcehosting.net/     - Ready. Set. Code.
http://twitter.com/cpucycle/      - Follow you, follow me
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databases/tdb fails to compile

Carsten Jensen-2
I'm trying to install samba35, during the compile phase it installs
python27 if it isn't already installed (I've previously installed it
with pth enabled) and it compiles/installs the tdb (or tries to).

I've linked /usr/local/includes/pth/pth.h and pthread.h to
/usr/local/includes/pth/python2.7 (this is required for py-imaging which
I'm also using bunt wondering if this is the right way?).

Now I get this compile error

<snip>
cc -I./include -Iinclude  -O2 -pipe -fno-strict-aliasing -I./libreplace
 -o bin/tdbtool tools/tdbtool.o -L. -ltdb
cc -I./include -Iinclude  -O2 -pipe -fno-strict-aliasing -I./libreplace
 -o bin/tdbdump tools/tdbdump.o -L. -ltdb
cc -I./include -Iinclude  -O2 -pipe -fno-strict-aliasing -I./libreplace
 -o bin/tdbbackup tools/tdbbackup.o -L. -ltdb
ln -fs libtdb.so.1 libtdb.so
cc -shared  -o tdb.so pytdb.o -L. -ltdb `/usr/local/bin/python-config
--ldflags`
/usr/bin/ld: cannot find -lpth
gmake: *** [tdb.so] Error 1
*** Error code 1

Stop in /usr/ports/databases/tdb.
*** Error code 1
</snip>

Googling the error I noticed this PR:
http://www.freebsd.org/cgi/query-pr.cgi?pr=152111
Which didn't work for me


I've tried some different things, and basically ended out in installing
python26, adding tdb from the packages repo, uninstalling python26 and
reinstalling python27 to continue.

are there any hints to if this should be reported as a bug, though it's
there already, or how to take it from here ??

cheers
Carsten
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